Article by Leonardo Sempértegui Vallejo published in the “Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law” by Taylor & Francis Online
Abstract: Latin American countries have diverse rules for regulation of the electricity sector, specifically in the transmission phase. Despite technical and political diversities, some regions of the continent have been more successful in developing interconnection of their electricity markets in order to be economically efficient and prevent sudden outages for additional demand. Central American countries have achieved electricity integration (beyond interconnection), after a lengthy process of negotiation between the countries, with the support of international organisations. The key step was the cession of government powers to a supranational entity. In the Andean Region case, overcoming the reluctance of ceding sovereignty is likely what has prevented moving forward on electricity integration, as the infrastructure would make it possible.